Missing Steps

Have you ever been walking down steps and missed a step or couldn’t tell where the step was?  This is a common way of falling. Our body uses several systems to help maintain balance. Some of these include sensory which is vision, vestibular (your inner ear) and somatosensory.  Somatosensory refers to receptors in your muscles […]

Knee Anatomy/Ligaments

The knee is designed for both stability and mobility.  Basically, it is two different joints in one. The femur (upper leg bone) and tibia (lower leg bone) comprise one joint while the femur and patella (knee cap) comprise the second joint.  It is connected by various ligaments, tendons and cartilage.   There are four main ligaments […]


Exercise is an important item in one’s lifestyle.  When we think of exercise we usually think of running, walking or working out in a gym. Exercises are used to promote, maintain or develop: Strength Cardiovascular Fitness and Endurance Improved Movement and Flexibility Relaxation Coordination, Balance and Skill. The Body responds to the forces applied to […]

Congenital Examples

Many congenital deformities of the spine are not associated with any significant problems.  Some do, those that suggest spinal deformity associated with growth. Congenital Scoliosis caused by Hemiverterbra is such a deformity.   Hemiverterbra results because of the failure of the lateral or side half of the vertebral body to form.  This will produce a wedge […]


Strength is a goal that is often sought after when Participating in an Exercise program.  You may be trying to develop, maintain or improve your strength through different exercises.  Strength is simply the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to produce tension and force in one maximum effort when a specific demand is […]

Peripheral Neuropathy Causes

Peripheral Neuropathy is the failure of the nerves.  Our nerves service a particular area of the body to communicate with the brain.  Because of this lack of communication, lack of sensation as well as pain can be present.  These factors lead to a greater chance of falling. Some common causes of Peripheral Neuropathy include: Diabetes […]

Herniated Disc

Remember there is a good pain and bad pain when talking about back pain.  Good pain is anything that stays in the low back. Bad pain is anything that runs down the leg.  Usually, bad pain is associated with a herniated disc. Most people with a herniated disc may notice increased difficulty with their daily […]

Extended Sitting Issues

A new study suggests that engaging in low intensity activities such as standing may not be enough to offset the health hazards of sitting for long periods of time. On the bright side, adding two minutes of walking each hour to your routine just might do the trick. These findings were published in the Clinical […]

Motion Sickness

The body includes several systems of balance.  They are the somatosensory, vision and vestibular.  Vision plays an important part in balance.  The brain uses information from system to help with body awareness in space and the surrounding environment. Motion sickness is a condition related to the visual system.  It is caused by a mismatch of […]

Hamstring Tendinitis

Sometimes you may develop a pain behind your knee.  Usually this is noticed in people that participate in endurance events like distance running.  You may experience this after a hamstring injury or foot injury when you change your walking pattern and put added pressure on the hamstring tendon. This discomfort is usually felt in the […]