Good flexibility can reduce the risk of injury not only in sports, but also on an everyday basis.  A short muscle is more likely to become injured. A short muscle can also lead to an altered posture and create stress to your joints and your back and your neck.   What influences the amount of mobility […]

Falling, Balance and Physical Therapy

Falling is a common problem amongst the elderly, and it can result in serious injury. It is estimated that one in every three adults aged 65 and older suffers from a fall every year. Fall related injuries range from hip fractures to head trauma. After a fall, patients experience a significant loss of confidence and […]


Some factors for heart disease include elevated cholesterol and triglycerides: Cholesterol is a waxy substance found in the fats (lipids) carried in your bloodstream. Your body actually needs a certain amount of cholesterol to build healthy cells.  However, too much cholesterol in your blood results in fatty deposits of plaque that can clog your coronary […]


Abe Lincoln once said “Most people are as happy as they make their mind up to be”  Why be happy? The Field of Psychology finds that happiness is linked with health outcomes.  Happiness correlates with well-being and successful stress management.  Bad stress takes its toll on our bodies.  Chronic stress has been found to be related […]

Heart Rate

You check your heart rate after an activity.  What does heart rate really indicate? Remember, Your heart is a pump.  It pumps blood to all parts of your body. The heart contracts with each beat so the number of times your heart beats in a minute is your heart rate. When you increase physical activity […]

Healthy Knee

Although the knee is a large joint and made up mainly of two large bones, it is an area of the body that is involved in a good deal of pain and injury. General guidelines to maintaining a healthy knee include: Good muscle balance and strength.  This includes the muscles on the inside part and […]

Curves of the Back

Some curves of the back are good.  Some are not. It depends on the direction of the curve in relation to the spinal column.  When the spine curves to the side this is abnormal and is sometimes referred to as Scoliosis.  When the curves relate to the spine curving front to back this the natural […]

Congenital Examples

Many congenital deformities of the spine are not associated with any significant problems.  Some do, those that suggest spinal deformity associated with growth. Congenital Scoliosis caused by Hemiverterbra is such a deformity.   Hemiverterbra results because of the failure of the lateral or side half of the vertebral body to form.  This will produce a wedge […]

Herniated Disc

Remember there is a good pain and bad pain when talking about back pain.  Good pain is anything that stays in the low back. Bad pain is anything that runs down the leg.  Usually, bad pain is associated with a herniated disc. Most people with a herniated disc may notice increased difficulty with their daily […]